A serious condition that is often misunderstood and misdiagnosed, rosacea has been called “the great pretender”, as the early symptoms can often be confused with acne, mild sensitivity and even sunburn.
Now, however, the condition is becoming more common so it’s important to recognise both the signs of its development and what steps can be taken to help to control it.
In this, global Rosacea Awareness Month, the goal is to spread public education on this disease so that more people who may have rosacea seek professional help before it gets worse, and so those whose lives are affected can find greater public acceptance and understanding.
Studies have established prevalence of rosacea at approximately 10 percent of the Australian population, although some specialists suggest the majority of more minor and moderate cases are never diagnosed, despite the benefits treatment would bring.
A recent survey by the American National Rosacea Society (NRS) revealed that 69 percent – almost three-quarters of respondents – experience a rosacea flare related to emotional stress at least once a month.
A significant majority (90 percent) of respondents said they had suffered some sort of physical discomfort from their condition.
Earlier studies conducted by the NRS revealed that more than three quarters of respondents (76 percent) felt that rosacea had lowered their self-esteem and 88 percent of patients with severe symptoms reported that rosacea had adversely affected their professional interactions.
“Rosacea is a chronic and progressive, micro-circulation disorder visibly resulting in persistent redness, dilated capillaries, congestion, and last but not least, papules and pustules,” says Dr. Christian Jurist, MD, AMS, FS Medical Director of Global Education for Pevonia International skincare.
“It mainly affects the face although it can appear on the scalp, neck, chest and back. Initial symptoms can include facial flushing, spots and persistent redness as tiny blood vessels in the skin become more visible.
“In severe cases, skin around the nose can become very thick and enlarged and the eyes watery and irritated.
“Twice as many women as men are affected but symptoms are generally more severe in males; individuals between the ages of 30-50, with fair skin, blue eyes and from northern Europe tend to be most at risk.
“Exact causes of rosacea are unknown although blame is attributed to both environmental and hereditary factors.
“One theory suggests that it’s due to a tiny mite called Demodex Folliculorum; this mite lives in hair follicles and it is believed that they can clog up the oil gland resulting in the inflammation seen in rosacea.
“Another theory is that the condition is due to bacteria called Helicobacter Pylori that is found in the gut; this bacterium is known to stimulate the production of the bradykinin protein, which can cause blood vessels to expand and lead to rosacea.
“If left untreated, rosacea symptoms often get worse and become more difficult to treat. Unfortunately there is no cure for this condition but there are a wide range of products and treatments available that can help to control the symptoms.”
Dr Jurist says rosacea is usually triggered by extreme temperature changes, sun exposure, emotions and stress, hormonal changes, certain cosmetic products, spicy foods, ingestion of alcoholic beverages like wine, and also hot beverages such as coffee.
“Primarily, the triggers should be avoided,” he says. “Then, a proper, gentle and dedicated skin care regimen to control and treat the sensitivity of rosacea skin should be followed.
“It is recommended to visit a spa for professional advice. If necessary, a visit to the dermatologist can help address rosacea symptoms from a medical point of view in conjunction with skincare management.
“Gentle products intended to soothe, cool and calm sensitised skin are the main focus. In addition, ingredients that are in those products that can support healthy micro-capillary circulation and proper skin nutrition can help control the rosacea concern over time.
“Sunscreen ingredients are also recommended to reduce damage to the skin.
“Doctors mostly rely on antibiotics to control a certain population of micro-organisms that can worsen the condition such as the parasite Demodex folliculorum within skin follicles, and/or Helicobacter pylori bacteria at digestive level.
“Avoid using products containing poor ingredients which could make things worse; ingredients such as alcohol, mineral oil, lanolin, artificial perfume, artificial fragrance and isopropyl myristate are just a few that can seriously exacerbate symptoms.
“Last but not least, concealing mineral makeup is recommended to cover and/or cancel out redness.”
Dr Jurist says Pevonia is one of very brands that has a line dedicated to the condition – the RS2 Rosacea range, comprising Gentle Lotion, Care Cream and Concentrate; also available in a starter pack – for home use and professional treatments.
As per the RS2 range, Dr Jurist recommends looking for products containing natural ingredients that can reduce skin irritation and calm the skin, such as green tea, licorice, French Rose and chamomile extracts, which are very effective in controlling Rosacea symptoms when used on a regular basis.
Longtime paramedical aesthetician Sue Carroll, owner of the Skin Inspiration clinic in Mona Vale, on Sydney’s northern beaches, has been using the RS2 professional protocols and retailing the home care for several years.
“I have a lot of clients with vascular skin problems ranging from couperose to rosacea,” she says.
“They are all looking for a way to proactively treat the condition as opposed to simply manage the symptoms with a soothing range.
“Incidence of rosacea seems to increase with the onset of menopause and, as our client base is mature, we see rosacea a lot.
“Our clients are thrilled with the regression of redness and inflammation in their skin and almost always stay with the range long term.
“And we have a lot of people who come to us to purchase the range on recommendation of a friend or colleague who has had great results.
“The RS2 Professional Treatment utilises a combination of seaweed, frankincense and licorice extract to exercise and strengthen the capillaries and reduce redness and inflammation.
“Results can be seen after the first treatment, however a course of 5-6 is recommended for longer-lasting results.”